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Category Archives: gynecologist

cryotherapy of genital warts

 Cryotherapy of genital warts

Genital warts are soft growths which can be seen on the both men and women genital. Warts are caused by a virus which is called human papilloma virus. Warts transmitted during the sexual intercourse.

To treat these warts, following problems should be considered first:

  • Removing physical waste on the body
  • Removing viruses inside the blood

Cryotherapy (cryosurgery) removes genital warts by freezing them with liquid nitrogen.

This surgery is done by creating a blister around the  warts, then dead tissue will be fallen and a new skin is replaced. Pain and swelling may be seen after cryotherapy of genital warts.

 

  • Doctors applies nitrogen with about 196 temperature to and around the warts. This lasts depends on the size and deepness of the warts. And may repeat to remove genital warts completely.
  • Then, some blisters created in this area. There is risk of flaking few days after surgery, that is natural and common.
  • After cryotherapy, skin seems so natural and there is low risk of scar on the skin. After surgery, some spots remain on the area that nitrogen is applied, and these spots are continual. Deep and prolonged frigidity increases risk of white spots.

It should be noted, deep wastes need more and heavy frigidity, and sensory nerve of skin stimulates. You may feel numbness on the injected area that returns to its normal situation, few weeks or months after surgery.

Cryotherapy of genital warts is usually done in your doctor’s office or clinic. A magnifying instrument may be used to see the abnormal tissue better.

Contact Dr. Mitra Bahmanpour, Gynecologist

Address: Khalij Fars Building. Next to 18th st. Velenjak. Tehran. Iran

Tell: +9821- 26641827

+9821- 26641908

+9821- 1831

+98912- 0897425

prolapsed bladder

Prolapsed bladder

Bladder is an organ in the pelvis that stores urine. In women, the front wall of the vagina supports the bladder. This wall may weaken or loosen by aging, menopause and so on, and can results in various problem such as prolapsed bladder.

Prolapsed bladder also called cystocele or fallen bladder, is separated into 4 grades based on how far the bladder droops into the vagina.

  • Grade 1. Only small parts of bladder droops into the vagina.
  • Grade 2. Bladder enters into the vagina.
  • Grade 3. Bladder protrudes from the opening vagina.
  • Grade 4. Entire bladder protrudes completely outside the vagina, and usually associated with pelvic floor muscles.

Causes of prolapsed bladder

  • Childbirth: the most common cause of this problem is related to many childbearing. Delivery process is stressful for muscles and tissues of the vagina, which support a woman’s bladder.
  • Menopause: estrogen is a hormone that helps to strength the vaginal muscles, but after menopause, this hormone is stopped. So, prolapsed bladder occurs.

Some women have premature menopause due to family background or genetics factors, so may experience this problem soon than other women.

  • Straining: those women who lift heavy things, are more exposure to pelvic organ prolapse and prolapsed bladder.

Symptoms of prolapsed bladder

First symptom that women notice is feeling pain and pressure on their vagina, and so have pain during sexual intercourse or urinary incontinence. Factors such as coughing, laughing or sneezing trigger this situation.

How to treat prolapsed bladder?

MonaLisa touch is an effective procedure that treat signs and symptoms of prolapsed bladder. Injecting collagen into the vagina, strengths tissues and muscles of the vagina.

Contact Dr. Mitra Bahmanpour, Gynecologist

Address: Khalij Fars Building. Next to 18th st. Velenjak. Tehran. Iran

Tell: +9821- 26641827

+9821- 26641908

+9821- 1831

+98912- 0897425

Gonorrhea

 Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea, is a contagious disease transmitted most often through sexual contact with an infected person. Gonorrhea may also be spread by contact with infected bodily fluids, so that a mother could pass on the infection to her newborn during childbirth. Both men and women can get gonorrhea. The infection is easily spread and occurs most often in people who have many sex partners.

What causes gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a bacterium that can grow and multiply easily in mucus membranes of the body. Gonorrhea bacteria can grow in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract, including the cervix (opening to the womb), uterus (womb), and fallopian tubes (egg canals) in women, and in the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body) in women and men. The bacteria can also grow in the mouth, throat, and anus.

 

Gonorrhea symptoms

Some people don’t have any symptoms, and only performing examination can detect existence of this bacteria. Common symptoms are as:

  • Painful urination
  • Abnormal discharges
  • Heavier period or spotting
  • Sore throat
  • Fever

Treatment of gonorrhea

The gynecologist asks questions about your partner and your background, performs physical examinations, performs some related tests such as pap- smear to treat the problem.

During your doctor’s visit, be prepared to:

  • detail your symptoms
  • discuss your sexual history
  • provide the contact info for previous sexual partners so that the doctor can contact them anonymously on your behalf

 

Gonorrhea is usually treated with an antibiotic injection of Ceftriaxone one time to the buttocks or a single dose of Azithromycin by mouth. Once on antibiotics, you should feel relief within days.

Contact Dr. Mitra Bahmanpour, Gynecologist

Address: Khalij Fars Building. Next to 18th st. Velenjak. Tehran. Iran

Tell: +9821- 26641827

+9821- 26641908

+9821- 1831

+98912- 0897425

cervical dysplasia

Cervical dysplasia

In cervical dysplasia, healthy cells on a woman’s cervix undergo abnormal changes, and can be beginning of uterine cancer.

The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that leads into the vagina. It is the cervix that dilates during childbirth to allow the fetus to pass through.

Cervix has central canal to pass menstrual blood, sperm and fetus during childbearing. In this canal, there are mucus- secreting cells and protective cells, dysplasia related to abnormal changes of these cells which is found during a normal pap- smear test.

Uterine cancer, is one of the most common cancers among women. Women should check- up monthly after their menstrual period.

Causes of dysplasia

  1. Viruses

Viruses are main causes of diseases. Herpes simplex type 2 and papilloma viruses are common viruses. Both viruses seen on genital system and result in genital warts.

  1. Smoking

Those who smoke, have high risk of cervical dysplasia than non- smokers. Smoking leads to deficiency of vitamin C, and then, function of immune system will be weakened. Vitamin C acts as an anti- oxidant. So, there is risk of cancer and transferring viruses through sexual intercourse.

  1. Birth control pills

These pills affect on nutrient factors, such as, vitamin B12, B6, C, folic acid and zink.

How to treat cervical dysplasia?

Treatment of cervical dysplasia depends on the severity of the condition. There are various ways to treat this problem, such as:

  • Healthy and proper diet
  • Supplements
  • Local treatment

Contact Dr. Mitra Bahmanpour, Gynecologist

Address: Khalij Fars Building. Next to 18th st. Velenjak. Tehran. Iran

Tell: +9821- 26641827

+9821- 26641908

+9821- 1831

+98912- 0897425

low testosterone

Low testosterone

Testosterone also known as male hormone, that increases sexual desire, body muscles and anger management. This hormone also found in women less than me, and helps women to control their anger. Low testosterone has its risks and problems.

What are symptoms of low testosterone in women?

  • Lack of sexual desire

Low testosterone leads to reduction and lack of sexual desire. This hormone affects on orgasm, so, any changes in amount of testosterone, affects on your desire.

  • Fatigue

You may feel fatigue special time of a day. But this feeling all day long, or when you are doing exercise can be dangerous.

  • Unable to underweight

Muscles and aft find their proper place in body by secreting testosterone, so, lack of testosterone disturbs balance of fat.

Low testosterone results in stability of fat and losing muscles mass.

  • Osteoporosis (fragile bones)

Osteoporosis always known as a female diseases and leads to weakness of bones. Low testosterone is a key factor in losing density of bones. For most women, this problem occurs after menopause, in this period, level of hormones decreases.

  • Depression

Depression has various cause. But low testosterone can be one causes of depression. Women who are between 25- 46  may experience this problem more. Women with normal level of testosterone, have symptoms of depression and anxiety for a long time.

If you have any mentioned signs and symptoms, should refer to a gynecologist, to measure the amount of testosterone in your blood . Because testosterone levels fluctuate throughout the day, several measurements will need to be taken to detect a deficiency. Doctors prefer, if possible, to test levels early in the morning since this is when testosterone levels are at their highest.

Symptoms of low testosterone:

  • Poor tolerance for exercise
  • Dry skin
  • Thinning skin
  • Loss of muscles tone in legs and arms
  • Loss of bone density
  • Weight gain around the abdomen
  • Depression and/ or anxiety

Testosterone treatment usually is not advised for men with prostate cancer. Hedges says some of the associations between testosterone replacement therapy and prostate health are currently being challenged. In his practice, he does offer testosterone treatment to men who have been treated for prostate cancer.

what is Gardasil?

What is Gardasil?

Gardasil is a vaccine that is prescribed for girls and women between 9 to 45, to prevent risks of diseases that transmitted by HPV, such as:
–    Cervical cancer
–    Genital warts
–    Ovarian cancer
–    Anal cancer
Also this ampule is prescribed for boys and men to prevent diseases such as:
–    Anal cancer
–    Genital warts
–    Precancerous anal lesions
How a Gardasil is prescribed?
Gardasil is an intramuscular injection and injects inside the arm, in 3 doses as following schedule:
First dose: based on your doctor and your decision
Second dose: 2 months after first dose
Third dose: 6 months after first dose
Most important information
–    Gardasil protects you against HPV, so, it can not treat your problem.
–    Individuals should do monthly check- up and pap- smear test.
Contraindications
–    Hypersensitivity to previous does of Gardasil.
–    Hypersensitivity to amorphous aluminum sulfate and yeasts.
Use of Gardasil is not allowed during pregnancy.

What are risk factors of Gardasil?
You may feel headache. Pain, swelling, itching, bruising, redness or confusion are other risks and complications.
Before injection Gardasil, inform your doctor, if you have following problems:
–    Are pregnant
–    Have immune system problems or cancer
–    Fever more than 38
–    Hypersensitivity to previous doses of gardasil

Contact Dr. Mitra Bahmanpour, Gynecologist

Address: Khalij Fars Building. Next to 18th st. Velenjak. Tehran. Iran

Tell: +9821- 26641827

+9821- 26641908

+9821- 1831

+98912- 0897425

vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D, increases absorption of calcium and phosphor from the bowel, decreases excretion of them from the kidney and then, helps to increase growth of the bone.

Vitamin D is produced by the body in response to skin being exposed to sunlight. This vitamin also found in:

  • Grain products
  • Animal sources such as, fish, cheese, milk, egg, fish liver oils

Vitamin D deficiency in children, leads to softness of bones and in adults results in heart diseases, depression, severe asthmatic, skin and hair problem. Hair loss is one symptoms of anemia, vitamin D deficiency and hormonal problem such as increasing male hormones.

Those people who have this deficiency, process of scar revision is so slow, so, scars and acne remain on skin for a long time. But unfortunately, doctors don’t pay attention to anemia and vitamin D deficiency.

Effects of vitamin D deficiency on women

Premature menopause has close relation to vitamin D deficiency, so, visiting a gynecologist is so essential and important for women.

How to treat vitamin D deficiency?

  • Injection treatment (In severe deficiencies)
  • Oral treatment

To prevent vitamin D deficiency, doctors recommend to consume more grain.

 

What are signs and symptoms of vitamin D deficiency?

  • Pain and weakness of muscles

Muscles need vitamin D to function well, so deficiency of this vitamin, can lead to pain.

  • Headache and dizziness
  • Frequent urinary infection
  • Digestive problems
  • Excess hidrosis
  • Depression
  • Lack improvement of scars and hair loss

Contact Dr. Mitra Bahmanpour, Gynecologist

Address: Khalij Fars Building. Next to 18th st. Velenjak. Tehran. Iran

Tell: +9821- 26641827

+9821- 26641908

+9821- 1831

+98912- 0897425

HPV and cervical cancer

Human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer

HPV (Human Papillomavirus) is the most common viral infection of the reproductive tract.
There are many types HPV and many do not cause problem. This infection usually clear up without any intervention within a few months after acquisition.
Non- cancer causing types of HPV can cause genital warts and respiratory papillomatosis (a diseases in which  tumors grow in the air passages leading from the nose and mouth into the lungs).
Signs and symptoms
Some symptoms of cervical cancer are as:
–    Back and pelvic pain
–    Abnormal bleeding after sexual intercourse
–    Vaginal discharge


Key facts
–    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of viruses that are extremely common worldwide.
–    There are more than 100 types of HPV, of which at least 13 are cancer- causing (also known as high risk type).
–    HPV is mainly transmitted through sexual contact and most people are infected with HPV shortly after the onset of sexual activity.
–    Cervical cancer is caused by sexually acquired infection with certain types of HPV.
–    Two HPV types (16 and 18) cause 70% of cervical cancers and precancerous cervical lesions.
–    There is also evidence linking HPV with cancers of the anus, vulva, vagina and penis.
–    Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women living in less developed regions with an estimated 445000 new cases in 2012 (84% of the new cases worldwide).
–    In 2012, approximately 270000 women died from cervical cancer, more than 85% of these deaths occurring in low- and middle- income countries.
–    Vaccinates against HPV 16 and 18 have been approved for use in many countries.

Contact Dr. Mitra Bahmanpour, Gynecologist

Address: Khalij Fars Building. Next to 18th st. Velenjak. Tehran. Iran

Tell: +9821- 26641827

+9821- 26641908

+9821- 1831

+98912- 0897425

genital darkness

Genital darkness

Genital darkness occurs due to various reasons. Genital is an important area for women, so, any color changes is unpleasant for them. Some areas such as nipples, armpits and genital area are darker than other areas. But too darkness can be threatening.
What are causes of genital darkness?
–    Genital is an area that wears by clothes, so, doesn’t receive any airway and results in color changes.
–    Sweat is a waste matter that evacuates from body and consists of chemical material. Taking a bath can remove this material from your body. So, sweat on the skin is one reason of genital darkness.
–    Thigh and close- fitting blocks the airway to the genital and results in genital darkness.
–    Heavy walking and more over weighting leads to eroding and friction and finally, results in genital darkness.
–    Aging affects on the hormones and changes their function. And then results in darkness.
–    This situation can have genetics or hereditary causes.
–    Pregnancy. Some women may experience darkness during this period of life.
–    Too much shaving of hair or using lotions for a long time.
–    Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
–    Using non- herbal clothes and not changing daily of the clothes


How to treat genital darkness?
Severe genital darkness should be treated as soon as possible. But light darkness is removed by a gynecologist‘s prescription or using lightening creams and drugs. Laser therapy is an effective way to remove darkness.

Contact Dr. Mitra Bahmanpour, Gynecologist

Address: Khalij Fars Building. Next to 18th st. Velenjak. Tehran. Iran

Tell: +9821- 26641827

+9821- 26641908

+9821- 1831

+98912- 0897425

genital cosmetic surgery

Genital cosmetic surgery

Today’s, due to the advancement of technologies and knowledge, and effects of aesthetics on people’s life, genital cosmetic surgery have became more popular than the past, specially in older women and also menopausal women. Until many years ago, surgery was the only way of lifting and tightening vagina, that had its risks and complications.

But by advancement of technologies and medical knowledge, surgeons use the newest methods to perform lifting and tightening vagina and also, all aspects of beauty and function of vagina is considered and kept. In previous methods, there were risks such as bleeding, swelling, infection, prolonged recovery time and post operative cares. But now genital cosmetic surgery is done more comfortable and with no pain and inconvenience, and also has well feedback among people.

Reception of new methods

Statistics shows that, genital cosmetic surgery have had ascending process due to the newest methods and advanced technologies. Risks such as bleeding, fear of surgery and prolonged recovery time have reduced and in contrary, benefits of genital cosmetic surgery is increasing.

These surgeries, is done more convenience with low cost by using laser therapy, so, reception from genital cosmetic surgeries in increasing.

Female problems

Vaginal prolapsed is a common problem in women after 30. This problem also is seen in virgin women. After pregnancy and childbearing, vagina loose its elasticity due to improper feeding, using caffeine and lack of movement.